Krisette Santamaria's Portfolio

The Coffee Table Made of Coffee

What if instead of dumping it in the landfill, used ground coffee could be recycled into something useful? Bago is a side table created with a hybrid material made of used ground coffee, bio-based epoxy and used nylon webbing.  


Create a product using a waste material and develop a local production system for it. The product should resolve a sustainability challenge that may or may not be related to the waste material.



According to the International Coffee Organization 2017 report, Canada is the 10th biggest consumer of coffee in the world. Each year, we grind our way through 234 million kilograms of ground coffee. That’s more than 7 kilograms for each Canadian or 3.2 cups of coffee a day. Our coffee addiction produces nearly 600 tones of ground coffee waste per day. In a year, we generate enough coffee ground waste to fill 88 Olympic-size swimming pools! 

Decomposing ground coffee releases methane. This greenhouse gas is known to be 25 times worse for climate change than carbon monoxide. If we reduce our ground coffee waste, we reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the effects of climate change. 

Market Research

Material Exploration

Fabrication Process

To make the individual parts, mix used ground coffee with resin & used nylon fabric. 

Pour mixture into the mold and allow the resin to cure overnight.

Remove piece from the mold.Put all the pieces together. 

Repeat the same process for the rest of the part and assemble the chair.

Stakeholders' Map

Stakeholders' Map:

How It Works

Exploratory Ideations

Final Prototype

Using Format